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细数明代名泉

【字体: 】【2014-6-18】 【作者/来源 百家乐试玩网】 【阅读: 次】 【关 闭
泡茶似乎人人都会,但并非个个都能泡出一壶好茶。古往今来,大凡爱茶之人,都很讲究泡茶用水。因为水质的优劣直接影响着茶汤的质量。

  “对于追求口感的人来说,最好的选择是山泉水。山上的泉水因为终日处于流动状态,经过砂石的自然过滤,通常比较干净,味道略带甘美,水质的稳定度高,所以是泡茶用水的最优选择。它与矿泉水、纯净水泡出来的茶等级差别大。因为矿泉水内矿物质可能变质,而纯净水又缺少茶感。”一谈起泡茶用水之道,漳州茶叶协会秘书长黄艺辉用多年来的经验娓娓道来,“但是住在城里的人,要天天用山泉水泡茶也不实际。所以目前大多数人还是选择用纯净水来泡茶。”当然,如果条件不允许只能用自来水冲泡,可先将水贮存在罐中,放置24小时后再用火煮沸泡茶。因为自来水是通过净化后的天然水,有时用过量氯化物消毒,会影响茶叶的味道。

  今天,百家乐试玩来了解一下明代的名泉。

  青城山老人村杞泉水。被朱权评为第一泉。在四川青城山,这里与世隔绝,长寿的人很多,在宋代就已很有名。苏东坡认为,此处人长寿的秘密在于水,山溪边上生了很多的枸杞,人们饮了这样的水才会得以长生。

  竹根泉水。被朱权评为第四。自宋以后,人们普遍认为,竹可以提升水的品质,朱权认为竹根泉水可评为第四,或许是出于这个原因。在《茶谱》中,朱权没有说这竹根泉位于何处。明代琼州攀丹村(今天的海南)有竹根泉,为嘉靖时的唐胄所开凿。

  京师玉泉。位于北京的玉泉山,明代开始为皇宫用泉水,徐献忠在《水品》中有记载。经过称量,玉泉水在诸多泉水中最轻,被清代乾隆帝评为第一泉。玉泉常年流泉汩汩,晶莹似玉,故此得名。泉水自池底上翻,如沸汤滚腾,称为“玉泉趵突”。

  黄山朱砂泉。是温泉,在黄山东峰。《煮泉小品》引《图经》说:“黄山旧名黟山。东峰下有朱砂汤泉可点茗,春色微红,此则自然之丹液也。”

  偃师甘露泉。在今天的河南偃师。徐献忠在《水品》中说它“莹彻如练,饮之若饴。”

  吴兴白云水。在浙江吴兴金盖山,为明代徐献忠所发现,他在《水品》中说:“吴兴金盖山,故多云气,乙未三月,与沈生子内晓入山观望,四山缭绕如垣,中间田假平衍,环视如在甑中受蒸润也。少焉日出,云气渐散,惟金盖独迟越不易解。予谓气盛必有佳泉水。乃南陟坡陀,见大杨梅树下汩汩有声,清可爱。急移茶具就之,茶不能变其色。”

  四明泉。在浙江余姚四明山巅,泉水甘冽。其附近的雪窦上岩水,水质也极佳,徐献忠认为超过了天台山千丈岩瀑布水。

  姑苏七宝泉。在今天的苏州,邓尉山东三里。明代文徵明有《七宝泉》诗:“何处清泠结静缘,幽栖遥在太湖边。扫苔坐话三生石,破茗亲尝七宝泉。翠竹传声云袅袅,碧天流影玉涓涓。高人去后谁真赏?一漱寒流一慨然。”

  怀远白乳泉。在今天的安徽怀远望淮楼附近。泉水的矿物质含量较高,味道甘冽醇厚,用来泡茶尤其可口。明朝袁宏道有《白乳泉》诗:“一片青石棱,方长六大字。何人妄刻画,减却飞扬势。泉久淤泥多,叶老枪旗坠。纵有陆龟蒙,亦无茶可试。”由于无人疏浚,白乳泉已渐渐淤积。

  苏州宝云井。在苏州横山尧峰院旁的松林中,相传为宝云禅师所开,水味甘寒,最宜泡茶。明朝汪琬有《宝云井》诗:“松间涌古泉,上下百尺绠,值此槐火新,客来斗奇茗。”泉在松间,已是奇观,而此泉深度竟达百尺,更是令人称奇。

  君山柳毅井。在洞庭君山,相传这里是柳毅传书救龙女的地方。柳毅井与洞庭湖近在咫尺,井水却高出湖水许多。明代诗人谭元春曾驾舟30里往柳毅井取水试茶于岳阳楼,留有“临湖不饮湖,爱汲柳家井;茶照楼上人,君山破湖影”的诗篇。柳毅传书是唐人传奇小说中的故事,柳毅井却直到明朝才被茶人们所重视,大概与明代文人钟爱小说有关。

  绍兴禊泉。在今天的浙江绍兴,明末时为张岱发现。张岱一次出游,发现一口古井,井栏有“禊泉”二字,书法似晋代书法家王右军。经张岱发现后,禊泉名声大振,绍兴城里一下多了许多禊泉酒家、禊泉茶馆之类。张岱用禊泉水冲泡他创制的兰雪芽,更是相得益彰。后来,禊泉水被附近的和尚所污,水质大不如前。

  绍兴阳和泉。在今天的浙江绍兴阳和岭,也是经张岱品题出名的。禊泉水坏以后,有人告诉张岱,阳和岭玉带泉水也很好,张岱跑去品尝后,认为水质不及原来的禊泉空灵,但清冽过之。他认为原来玉带泉名不雅驯,更名为阳和泉。

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